Literature

Pre-treatment of different food rest materials for bioconversion into fungal lipid-rich biomass


Tzimorotas, D, Afseth, NK, Lindberg, D, Kjørlaug, O, Axelsson, L, Shapaval, V

Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 2018

Abstract

Food rest materials have the potential to be used as media components in various types of fermentations. Oleaginous filamentous fungi can utilize those components and generate a high-value lipid-rich biomass, which could be further used for animal and human use. One of the main limitations in this process is the pre-treatment of food rest materials, needed to provide homogenisation, sterilisation and solubilisation.

In this study, two pretreatment processes - steam explosion and enzymatic hydrolysis - were evaluated for potato and animal protein-rich food rest materials. The pre-treated food rest materials were used for the production of fungal lipid-rich biomass in submerged fermentation by the oleaginous fungus Mucor circinelloides. Cultivation media based on malt extract broth and glucose were used as controls of growth and lipid production, respectively.

It was observed that media based on food rest materials can support growth and lipid production in M. circinelloides to a similar extent as the control media. More specifically, the use of potato hydrolysate combined with chicken auto-hydrolysate resulted in a higher fungal total biomass weight than using malt extract broth. When the same C/N ratio was used for glucose and rest materials-based media, similar lipid content was obtained or even higher using the latter media.

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